The need for data & statistics in effective governance #Dataingovernance

Q1: What’s the relationship between data and statistics? #DataInGovernance
A1a – These words: Data, and Statistics are often used interchangeably, but technically, they are different. #DataInGovernance
A1b – Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables. Usually meaningless until processed #DataInGovernance
A1c – Statistic is a fact or a single representation of a concept obtained from a study of a quantitative data. #DataInGovernance
A1d – Statistics is plural of Statistic – meaning many facts or representation of concept(s). #DataInGovernance
A1e – Statistics deals with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, & organization of data. #DataInGovernance
A1f – I usually say Statistics is a tool by which you make sense of numbers/data. #DataInGovernance
A1g – What gives Data meaning is the Context through which it/they are being viewed or manipulated/processed. #DataInGovernance
A1h – If I ask, 1 & 100 which is greater? You’ll say 100. However, if I introduce the context, Currency: $1 & N100, #DataInGovernance
A1i – and ask the same question, your answer will be different, surely. What changed? The Context. #DataInGovernance
A1j – A Context could be a Subject/Discipline, Perspective, Derivation, Field/Sector, Culture, etc #DataInGovernance
Q1k – In a nutshell, without Data there will be no Statistics. #DataInGovernance
Q1l – In this chat, you will hear more of Data interpreted as either a raw piece or in processed form. #DataInGovernance
Q2: What are the major roles they play in Governance? #DataInGovernance
Q2a – Summarily, I will say Data helps Government understand its people in a more granular way #DataInGovernance
Q2b – Usually, Government have primary purpose of existence. Some you will derive from political campaigns #DataInGovernance
Q2c – The Constitution of Nigeria says Security & Welfare of the People is Govt’s pry purpose. #DataInGovernance
Q2d – Data can help Government meet these responsibility in more direct and effective ways. #DataInGovernance
Q2e – With accurate Data, Government decisions and initiatives are more impactive, less wasteful with measurable outcomes. #DataInGovernance
Q2f – Data gives Government a bird’s-eye view of the Country and deploy resources EQUITABLY as necessary. #DataInGovernance
Q2g – In my opinion, Data is a tool of governance effectiveness and efficiency. #DataInGovernance

Q3: How can we do away with political influence on statistical analysis especially from Govt. Parastatals? #DataInGovernance
Q3a – Recently, I analysed the Monthly Allocations to States and reviewed the Revenue Sharing Formula #DataInGovernance
Q3b – In that formula, Population is a major determinant of what States get monthly, you can understand the implication. #DataInGovernance
Q3c – Automatically, Population figures become a political tool for resource control/allocation #DataInGovernance
Q3d – Data reflects the historical, present and future state of Governance & you can see why it is influential #DataInGovernance
Q3e – You can then understand why there may be an overriding political influence to make govt look good from data #DataInGovernance
Q3f – However, what I have understood and it’s true is that “Data don’t lie, but People do”. #DataInGovernance
Q3g – Again, there shouldn’t be much variance between Data & Reality, and that is how you know of Political Influence on Data #DataInGovernance
Q3h – One way is allowing #OpenData in Government. This is why the Freedom of Information Bill is critical #DataInGovernance
Q3i – Government sincerity to let Data reflect its performance is one way to get feedback and improve on governance #DataInGovernance
Q3j – If Govt want to look good without being GOOD, we will always have political influence on Data. #DataInGovernance
Q3k – In the 21st Century where so much intelligence can be derived from Data, we can’t afford to influence data for our good #DataInGovernance
Q3l – Govt should allow Data speak to them, and if they are sincere on their social contract, make amend to their ways #DataInGovernance
Q3m – We need Citizens to be interested in Govt Data. The more the eyes looking at it, the less the manipulation #DataInGovernance
Q3n – If majority of us aren’t interested in Govt Data, e.g. The Budget, we hardly can contribute to Governance #DataInGovernance
Q3o – Lastly, asking questions can save us a lot. Engaging Govt on their Data is a consciousness we need #DataInGovernance

Q4: Why is data and statistics important in electioneering and do you think Nigeria is doing well in this aspect? #DataInGovernance
Q4a – I mentioned about the pry purpose of Government – Ensure the Security & Welfare of Citizens #DataInGovernance
A4b – Section 16(1b) of our Constitutions talks about Maximum Welfare, Freedom, Happiness of Citizens #DataInGovernance
A4c – These are the subjects of Elections. Political Parties build their Campaigns around these topics #DataInGovernance
A4d – Therefore, if Data shows there is Insecurity, Poverty, & Recession, automatically that becomes subject of Campaigns #DataInGovernance
A4e – One reason Govt fail is they really don’t know the need of the people, and exactly how it should be #DataInGovernance
A4f – Hence, they develop a generic programme for all. We know that situations are not the same across board. #DataInGovernance
A4g – With Data, you are able to deploy the appropriate programme to where it suits the most. #DataInGovernance
A4h – You are able to allocate resources to meet people’s specific needs because that’s the intelligence data gives #DataInGovernance
A4i – Unfortunately, the Data that speaks to the specific needs of Nigeria, at States and Local Govt levels rarely exist. #DataInGovernance
A4j – Election data rarely exist in Nigeria. I currently have US Election Result from 1982, it is a public information #DataInGovernance
A4k – Data on what each Candidate spent during campaign (personal or donated) are available online #DataInGovernance
A4l – Do we know how much our Political parties & Politicians spend on Campaigns during elections? #DataInGovernance
A4m – Check INEC Website and let me know what you find. It is difficult for Political parties to plan without such Data #DataInGovernance
A4n – When we have more Data about our Social, Economic, & Environmental lives, good governance will be real to us #DataInGovernance

Q5: How can we use data and statistics in resources’ allocation? #DataInGovernance
A5a – Data such as Number of Out-of-School Children by Location automatically determines resource deployment #DataInGovernance
A5b – The Revenue Sharing Formula I referred to earlier has Education, Health and Water as allocation determinants #DataInGovernance
A5c – I think that is very good. However, they all make up a total of 10% compared to Population which is 30% #DataInGovernance
A5d – States seeing they have fewer Hospital Bed spaces and in what LGA, can deploy resources appropriately #DataInGovernance
A5e – Without Data, we repeat the error of duplicate allocation, deploying resources to where they already exist. #DataInGovernance
A5f – This is not strange to our Budgeting process. Take a look at the Budget, especially the Constituency Projects. #DataInGovernance
A5g – The 2017 Constituency Project document is not public, it would have been great to compare with 2016’s copy #DataInGovernance
A5h – Data actually helps Govt make better decision in Resource Allocation. It helps #ResourceEquity #DataInGovernance
A5i – For instance, in Security by the @Police…. Data, it is not logical that same number of police is deployed across States #DataInGovernance
A5j – @Police Crime Statistics give an indication of high crime areas & where more Police Officers are needed #DataInGovernance
A5k – Disease outbreak gives us insight into how we should deploy disease preventive controls #DataInGovernance
A5l – Insecurity in gives us a green light to where we need our Soldiers most. That’s the power of Data #DataInGovernance

Q6: What are the major factors hindering data collection and processing in Nigeria? #DataInGovernance
A6a – The National Bureau of Statistics is the pry organ of data collection and dissemination in Nigeria #DataInGovernance
A6b – The @NBS leverages on other Govt agencies to fulfill this responsibility. However, they are highly underfunded. #DataInGovernance
A6c – The Approved Budget of the NBS is hardly sufficient for them to do the work required by such Agency #DataInGovernance
A6d – NBS Approved Budget – N5.35Bn (2017), N4.63Bn (2016), N4.57Bn (2015), N4.62Bn (2014), N4.89Bn (2013) #DataInGovernance
A6e – This is just approved Budget, there is no assurance that all are released to NBS to carry out planned tasks #DataInGovernance.
A6f – Another factor would be the absence of Statistics Offices in State & Local Govts as well as Govt Agencies #DataInGovernance
A6g – Lack of trained personnel in the field of Statistics is another major factor. #DataInGovernance
A6h – Govt MDAs refusing to honour the provisions of the FoI Act is also a setback to Data collection #DataInGovernance
A6i – Finally, lack of a governance perspective of the role of Data in the 21st Century democracy #DataInGovernance
A6j – Our government, across board are yet to appreciate the place of Data in Governance #DataInGovernance

Q7: How can data and statistics help in reduction of unmindful Nigeria? #DataInGovernance
A7a – It isn’t that Government is unmindful of its Citizens, you’re only aware of what you know exist. #DataInGovernance
A7b – A country that has varying population count – depending on the source, cannot be mindful of its People #DataInGovernance
A7c – Government simply doesn’t know how much we are and cannot plan appropriately for the people. #DataInGovernance
A7d – A Head of Govt Agency said: Nigerian women constitute I think 55% of the population in Nigeria. #DataInGovernance
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A7e – This is false and you can imagine the result if he plans on this faulty misconception. #DataInGovernance
A7f – Several of these errors are repeated every time in planning and that could be construed as being Unmindful #DataInGovernance
A7g – The starting point is a National Population Census. This can be extended to also Housing census. #DataInGovernance
A7h – That will give the Government an idea of the population and aid in planning appropriately for them. #DataInGovernance

Q8: – How can data and statistics help in Poverty alleviation in Nigeria? #DataInGovernance
A8a – It starts with knowing how many we are as a People. Then defining what Poverty means nationally & by States #DataInGovernance
A8b – This will allow for identification of the Poor & the Vulnerable and the appropriate empowerment programs #DataInGovernance
A8c – Goal 1 of the SDGs recommend implementation of a nationally appropriate social protection systems for these groups. #DataInGovernance
A8d – The key word is “Appropriate” and that comes from knowing the Poor and the Vulnerable in the Population #DataInGovernance

Q9: – How can data and statistics help in accountability and transparency? #DataInGovernance
A9a – The fight against corruption cannot be won by the Government alone. They’ve tried but the success is minimal. #DataInGovernance
A9b – Why is it difficult for Government to make Budget Data public? #DataInGovernance
A9c – It took years for NASS to make their Budget details open, many States’ budgets are still not public #DataInGovernance
A9d – Transparency and Accountability are best demonstrated through #OpenData in Government expenditures #DataInGovernance
A9e – The #ParisClubRefund has been released, an Accountable Govt would publish its plans on the use of the fund #DataInGovernance
A9f – Corruption thrives when such information are hidden. Govt need to embrace #OpenData for effective Governance #DataInGovernance
A9g – With #OpenData, where the Govt eyes cannot reach, Citizens will complement govts’ efforts in curbing corruption #DataInGovernance

Q10: – How can we include #DataInGovernance in the call for restructuring?
A10a – Restructuring is open to interpretation. If I am to suggest, I will ask for Devolution of Power to State & LGA #DataInGovernance
A10b – The FGs currently takes 52.68% of Revenue, we should turn this around to empower States & LGAs more. #DataInGovernance
A10b – We have 3 Tiers of Govt; however, allocations to LGAs are kept and controlled by State Govt #DataInGovernance
A10c – The more we empower the LGAs, the less dependence everyone will be calling on Abuja for help. #DataInGovernance
A10d – A review of the Exclusive Legislative list is due to allow some economic independence to States #DataInGovernance

Q11: – How can data and statistics help in eradicating corruption in Nigeria? #DataInGovernance
A11a – The Whistleblowing program of the Finance Ministry is fantastic. We can see the result. #DataInGovernance
A11b – It shows that if Citizens are included in the fight against corruption, the Country will be better in the long run #DataInGovernance
A11c – Provide people data on Govt expenditures, let Public Procurement be truly PUBLIC and give info on Contractors #DataInGovernance
A11d – Let Citizens have access to Data that can make them participate actively in Government. #DataInGovernance
A11e – Corruption is eating our society because Govt is still not comfortable with timely release of information. #DataInGovernance
A12f – Budget Implementation Report is very vague and lacks the required details for real evaluation. #DataInGovernance
A12g – Why is the details of the Zonal Intervention Project by NASS not public? That is N100bn unaccounted for in actual sense #DataInGovernance
A12h – Govt cannot say it is fighting corruption if it refuses to respond to inquiries on its financial expenditures #DataInGovernance
A12i – Govt Accountability and Transparency will reduce Corruption to the barest minimum if Govt embrace #OpenData #DataInGovernance

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